spirit of destruction and chaos who may have influenced Christian understanding of Satan. more commonly called Angra Mainyu
Astaroth is listed in the Lesser Key of Solomon and other books on demonology, generally as a major demon.
While the demon Astaroth is depicted as male, he borrows his name from the Canaanite goddess Ashtoreth, who is mentioned in 1 Kings, and is generally associated with Ishtar, Astarte and Inanna. The goddess was probably associated with fertility. The demon is associated with lust and seduction.
3. BeheritA demon equated with a being called Berith who is listed in the Lesser Key of Solomon associated with alchemy and the ability to turn any metal into gold. LaVey claims it to be the "Syriac name for Satan."
4. DagonA Mesopotamian fertility god and warrior who may have had particular associations with the sea and fishing. The Philistines, who were the Biblical enemies of the Hebrews, particularly revered him in Canaan, on the sea. LeVey describes him as the "Philistine avenging devil of the sea."
Babylonian goddess of fertility, sexuality and war, equated with the Sumerian goddess Inanna and the Semitic goddess Astarte. In the Epic of Gilgamesh
, it is she who woos Gilgamesh and kills his friend when he refuses her. Ishtar/Inanna sacrifices her own lazy husband (Tammuz/Dumuzi) after she becomes trapped in the underworld, leaving him in her place. She is also known as the Queen of Heaven and is referenced in the Bible as such, as the Hebrews return to worshiping the polytheistic gods of the area.
6. MardukPatron god of the city of Babylon, the city which drove the Jews into exile in the 6th century BCE. Marduk was seen for a time as the supreme god when Babylon ruled much of Mesopotamia. The rise fall of Marduk was equated with the rise and fall of Babylon.
7. Melek TausThe Yazidi honor Melek Taus as an angel who refused to bow to Adam, thus reserving his respect for God alone. Christians and Muslims commonly ascribe the story of an angel refusing to bow to Adam to a Satanic figure. Thus, they commonly see Melek Taus as demonic and the Yazidi as devil-worshipers. However, in the view of the Yazidi, Melek Taus's tears of repentance extinguished the fires of hell. He is a creator entity who helped to shape the world and humanity, and he is an emanation of God, a reflection of the divine spirit.
8. MilcomWorshiped by the Ammonites, according to the Bible. The name is probably another form of Moloch.
9. MolochThe identity of Moloch is difficult to understand. The name literally means "king," so it's possible that it was a title rather than a name, although it is traditionally been understood to be a specific name. He is a Phoenician god most well known for the child sacrifices made in his name in both Canaan and Carthage. In demonology, he heads the army of hell.
10. NergalBabylonian god of war, pestilence and the underworld, as well as some aspects of the sun, as high summer is the dead time in Mesopotamia. He is mentioned in the Bible as a local god, and later demonology also lists him as a demon.