Question of Succession:
Creation of a Baha'i Administration:
One of Shoghi Effendi's major contributions was the creation of the Baha'i administration system. This consists of numerous local Spiritual Assemblies, which are elected annually, National Assemblies elected annually by delegates from the local Bahai communities, and the Universal House of Justice, now established in Haifa Israel, which is elected by the sitting members of National Assemblies.
As the Baha'i organization became more recognized and grew in size and complexity, various legal definitions and legislations had to be put in place by Effendi, such as membership within the Baha'i community and voting rights.
Effendi took suddenly ill during a trip to London and died quite unexpectedly at the age of 61. He was buried near London according to Baha'i customs laid down by Baha'u'llah.
Abdu'l-Baha's will had stated that successive Guardians should come from Effendi's descendants. However, Effendi died without children and without the writing of a will, even though Baha'u'llah commanded all Baha'is to prepare such a document. Thus, he is both the first and the last Guardian of the Baha'i Faith. Matters of doctrine are now determined solely by the Universal House of Justice and by personal interpretation.