1. Religion & Spirituality

Types of Magic

By

Defining types of magic is just as complicated as defining magic itself. In common usage, magic evokes some sort of change in the physical world through non-scientific means. In occult and esoteric circles, "magic" can take a wider meaning involving spiritual change. Practitioners of some branches see their practices as having very little in common with other branches.

1. Ceremonial Magic - High Magic

Ceremonial magic is a type of magic that depends heavily on book learning; precise, complicated ritual; and intricate sets of correspondences. In the West, ceremonial magic has been almost entirely rooted in Judeo-Christian myth until the late 19th century, and even today many ceremonial magicians continue to work within that context.

Ceremonial magic is also high magic. It is meant to have a spiritual purpose rather than a practical one, although there could be some overlap in those two concepts. It involves improving the soul, which might include gaining divine knowledge, purification, attraction of proper influences, and embracing one's destiny.

2. Folk Magic - Low Magic

Folk magic historically is the magic of the common folk and has all manner of practical purposes: healing, attracting luck or love, driving away evil forces, finding lost items, bringing good harvests, fertility. Records of these practices are largely non-existent since practitioners were generally illiterate. Rituals were simple and probably evolved over time. They involved everyday items: plant material, coins, nails, wood, and so forth.

Folk magic is sometimes called low magic because if its practical nature and because of its association with the lower class.

3. Witchcraft

Witchcraft is a highly problematic term today because of the different uses of the word today versus historically. In the West, many magical practitioners are now calling themselves witches and practice cross between ceremonial magic and folk magic. Workings are generally fairly simple, use common materials, and depend upon emotion and intent rather than exact ritual, but they may also borrow certain practices such as circle casting from ceremonial magic.

Historically, however, witchcraft meant malevolent magic, and that is the reason it was prosecuted. Witches were thought to kill, maim, cause sterility, blight crops, poison water, and bring general misfortune upon their targets.

Witches and folk magicians were two different groups of people. Most people identified as witches were also accused falsely, while folk magicians were valued members of their communities.

4. Left and Right Hand Magic

In short, left-hand magic is limited by social conventions. It is often limited to beneficial magic and often comes with warnings of consequences for harmful workings. Right-hand magic exists outside of social conventions and ignores taboos, often even gaining power from breaking them. Only people who consider themselves of the right-hand path generally use the terminology.

Magical Practitioners within Satanic and Luciferian faiths consider themselves of the left-hand path. Followers of Thelema may consider themselves either.

5. Black and White Magic

Black and white magic are imprecise terms that mean, roughly speaking, magic that is not socially acceptable versus magic that is. Today, the dividing line is often between magic that harms and magic that does not, but there's a lot of practices that different people disagree with, such as divination, justified harm, love magic and so forth. Many magical workers avoid the terms entirely.
  1. About.com
  2. Religion & Spirituality
  3. Alternative Religions
  4. Rituals and Practices
  5. Types of Magic:Ceremonial,Folk,Witchcraft,Black and White

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.